In 1951 the financially troubled motorcycle manufacturer started production of Piaggio licensed Vespa scooters in Bristol, with a market to include some as well as the UK. took over Douglas in 1955, and while motorcycle production was stopped in 1957, Vespa production continued until 1965.
Vespa has had various partnerships and presence in Taiwan. In 1965 Taiwan Vespa Co. Ltd was licensed for Vespa scooter production. From 1972 to 1982 Vespa entered into a collaboration with manufacturer . In 1978 Vespa entered into a collaboration with , which to some extent, continues to this day (namely with CVT transmission production).
Piaggio first licensed the production of Vespa scooters in India to in the 1960s. In 1971, Piaggio's license was not renewed as a part of Indira Gandhi's privatization programs. After the collaboration ended, Bajaj continued to produce scooters based on the Vespa design, namely the .
Vespa scooters were sold beyond Europe and North America. When expanding into these markets it was common for Vespa to partner with, or license certain models to, existing manufacturers.