Fine Motor skill development- so important for writing skills.

When we think of fine motor skills those that most often come to mind include:

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  • TAG : Building blocks necessary to develop fine motor skills include:
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  • According to the , fine motor skills development begins very early in infancy, when at about eight weeks old, infants discover their hands and begin to play with them. However, true development comes a little later, at about two to four months, when hand-eye coordination starts to develop. One of the first major fine motor skills milestones for babies is when they are finally able to grab an object within reach using just their sight to guide them.

    the ability to perform complex muscle-and-nerve acts that produce movement; fine motor skills are small movements like writing and tying shoes, gross motor skills are large movements like walking and kicking

  • A fine motor skill is any skill that involves the use of the small muscles in the hands, in accordance with what the eyes see. Fine motor activities include anything that requires the strength, coordination and precise movements of the hand muscles. Because fine motor activities encompass so many routine functions, a fine motor delay can have a measurable negative impact on a person's ability to handle daily practical tasks. It is possible to improve fine motor functioning by following these methods for how to work on fine motor skills.

    Each leg of the stool represents one of the bases for fine motor skills. When one of those legs is missing, or misshapen, the stool will wobble and topple over. Each of the legs has to be in place in order for the stool to be stable.

    Fine Motor Skills Development Timeline
    0-3 Months
    • Grasps rattle
    • Holds hand open or with loose fists
    6 Months
    • Reaches for/ grasps objects
    • Plays with toes
    • Transfers toys from one hand to the other
    • Shakes rattle
    9 Months
    • Plays pat-a-cake
    • Waves bye-bye
    12 Months
    • Finger feeds self raisins, cereal
    • Pincher grasp develops
    • Puts blocks in and out of container
    • Bangs blocks together
    18 Months
    • Pushes, pulls and dumps objects
    • Pulls off hat, gloves, socks, shoes
    • Turns pages of book
    • Scribbles with crayon
    • Stacks two blocks
    2 Years
    • Feeds self with spoon
    • Helps wash hands/self in tub
    • Helps dress self by putting arms into sleeves
    • Opens boxes, drawers, and lids

  • As we already know, children interact with their environment by moving and touching objects within it. Using fine motor skills to manipulate objects gives the child perceptual information necessary for the child to efficiently make sense of their environment. Fine motor skills involve the use of small muscles of the body that enable movement and functions such as handwriting, grasping small objects (IE putting a coin in a piggy bank), and fastening clothing.

    Weakness in fine motor skills can affect the child’s ability to eat, write legibly, use a computer, turn pages in a book, and participate in self-care activities such as buttoning a shirt or zippering pants.

    Fine motor skills not only involves manipulation of small muscles, particularly of the hand, but also coordinating the action of the eyes and hand together known as eye-hand coordination.

    An upright work surface promotes fine motor skills; therefore, having your child draw on a chalkboard, easel, or even have your child engage in games such as light bright will be beneficial.

    Fine motor skills become increasingly important when it is time for your child to learn handwriting. A child must have good physical stability and posture, have a good grasp, have correct hand placement with the writing instrument, and have good paper placement.

    Fine and gross motor skills are the result of the collaboration between the brain, the nervous system and the body’s muscles. Fine motor skills refer to small movements made with the tongue, lips, fingers, hands, wrists, toes and feet. Gross motor skills refer to movements using large muscle groups such as walking, jumping and climbing. These two types of motor skills normally develop at the same time since many activities require the joint use of both fine and gross motor skills.

Left untreated, difficulties with fine motor skills can lead to:

For example, when your child is about he'll be able to use a shape-sorting toy. He'll use gross motor skills to hold his body steady enough to the shapes firmly. He will then use fine motor skills to twist or turn each shape to fit the right slot.